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FLAC

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==About=='''FLAC''' stands for '''Free Lossless Audio Codec'''. FLAC is an [[wikipedia:audio compression|audio compression]] [[wikipedia:codec|codec]] that is [[wikipedia:lossless data compression|lossless]]. Unlike [[wikipedia:lossy data compression|lossy]] codecs such as [[Vorbis]] and [[wikipedia:MP3|MP3]], it does not remove any information from the audio stream.
'''FLAC''' stands for '''Free Lossless Audio Codec'''. FLAC is an [[audio compression]] [[codec]] that is On 2003 January 29th, the [[lossless data compression|lossless]]Xiph. Unlike [[lossy data compression|lossyOrg Foundation]] codecs such as announced the incorporation of FLAC under their flag, to go along with Vorbis, [[MP3Theora]] , and [[VorbisSpeex]], it does not remove any information from the audio stream.
On January 29th, 2003, Xiphophorus (now called the [[Xiph.org Foundation]]) announced the incorporation of FLAC under their xiph.org banner, to go along with [[Ogg]] Vorbis, Ogg [[Theora]], and [[Speex]]. ==The Project==
The FLAC project consists of:
* flac, a command-line wrapper around libFLAC to encode and decode .flac files
* metaflac, a command-line metadata editor for .flac files
* input plugins for various music players ([[wikipedia:Winamp|Winamp]], [[wikipedia:XMMS|XMMS]], [[wikipedia:Foobar2000|foobar2000]], and more in the works)  "Free" means that the specification of the stream format is in the [[wikipedia:public domain|public domain]] (the FLAC project reserves the right to set the FLAC specification and certify compliance), and that neither the FLAC format nor any of the implemented encoding/decoding methods are covered by any patent. It also means that the sources for libFLAC and libFLAC++ are available under The New BSD license and the sources for flac and metaflac applications, and the plugins are available under the [[wikipedia:GPL|GPL]]. == Comparisons == FLAC is distinguished from general lossless algorithms such as ZIP and gzip in that it is specifically designed for the efficient packing of audio data; while ZIP may compress a CD-quality audio file 20–40%, FLAC achieves compression rates of 30–70%.
"Free" means that While lossy codecs can achieve ratios of 80–90+%, they do this at the specification expense of discarding data from the original stream format is . Though FLAC uses a similar technique in the [[public domain]] (the FLAC project reserves the right to set the FLAC specification and certify compliance)its encoding process, and that neither the FLAC format nor any of the implemented encoding/decoding methods are covered by any patent. It it also means that adds "residual" data to allow the sources for libFLAC and libFLAC++ are available under Xiph.org's [[BSD license]] and the sources for flac, metaflac, and the plugins are available under decoder to restore the [[GPL]]original waveform flawlessly.
==Comparisons==FLAC has become the preferred lossless format for trading live music online. It has a smaller file size than Shorten, and unlike MP3, it's lossless, which ensures the highest fidelity to the source material, which is important to live music traders. It has recently become a favorite trading format of non-live lossless audio traders as well.
FLAC is distinguished from general lossless algorithms such as [[ZIP file format|ZIP]] and [[gzip]] in that it is specifically designed for the efficient packing of audio data; while ZIP may compress a CD-quality There are other lostless audio file 20–40%codecs, FLAC achieves however: WAVPACK (marginally better compression rates of 30–70%, slower), TAK, Monkey's audio and some more.
While lossy codecs can achieve ratios of 80–90+%FLAC compiles on many platforms: most Unices (including Linux, *BSD, Solaris, and Mac OS X), DOS, Windows, they do this at the expense of discarding data from the original streamBeOS, and OS/2. Though FLAC uses a similar technique in its encoding processThere are build systems for autoconf/automake, MSVC, Watcom C, it also adds "residual" data to allow the decoder to restore the original waveform flawlesslyand Project Builder.
FLAC has become the preferred lossless format for trading live music online. == It has a smaller file size than [[Shorten]], and unlike MP3, it's lossless, which ensures the highest fidelity to the source material, which is important to live music traders. It has recently become a favorite trading format of non-live lossless audio traders as well.More information ==
FLAC compiles on many platforms: most * [[Unix|UnicesFLACDecoders]] (including [[Linux]], : List of decoders*[[BSDFLACEncoders]], : List of encoders == Non-PC playback support == FLAC is supported by a wide range of devices. The [[Solaris Operating EnvironmentPortablePlayers#Portable Vorbis Native Support Table|Solarisportable players Vorbis support matrix]], and also contains information about FLAC support. Other examples of FLAC supporting devices are: * [[Mac OS XPortablePlayers/Flash#Cowon.2FiAudio_D2.2C_F2.2C_T2.2C_U3.2C_U2.2C_G3.2C_5.2C_G2.2C_U5.2C_7|iAudio]]), : http://www.iaudio.com* Kenwood Music Keg* Naim HDX: http://www.naim-audio.com/products/hdx.html* PhatNoise Home Media Player* PhatNoise Phatbox* [[Microsoft WindowsPortablePlayers/Harddisk#Rio Karma|WindowsRio Karma]], : http://www.digitalnetworksna.com/rioaudio/* [[BeOSStaticPlayers#Slim_Devices_Squeezebox.2C_Squeezebox2.2C_Squeezebox3.2C_Transporter|SlimDevices Squeezebox]], : http://www.slimdevices.com FLAC is supported by the following chips and /or chipsets: * VLSI Solution OY's [[OShttp://2]]www.vlsi. There are build systems for [[autoconf]]fi/en/products/[[automakevs1053.html VS1053b]], MSVC, Watcom C, and Project Builder.decodes FLAC
== External links ==
 
*[http://flac.sourceforge.net/ Project homepage]
*[http://mikewren.com/flac/ Unofficial FLAC installer for Windows]
*[http://www.danrules.com/macflac/ MacFLAC] [[GUI]] frontend to encode/decode FLAC on [[Mac OS X]]
*[[Wikipedia: FLAC]]*[http://enwww.wikipedialosslessaudioblog.org/wikicom/FLAC FLAC(wikipediaThe Lossless Audio Blog] Lossless Audio News & Information Site.com) [[Category:Xiph core projects]]

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