OggYUV

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m (Format)
Line 15: Line 15:
Packets are processed as per the value of their first byte.  Packets of unknown ID should be silently ignored, providing a convient way to add future expandability which does not break the data format.  Additional data in packet 0 (the header packet) must also be silently ignored.
Packets are processed as per the value of their first byte.  Packets of unknown ID should be silently ignored, providing a convient way to add future expandability which does not break the data format.  Additional data in packet 0 (the header packet) must also be silently ignored.
 +
=== Arc's Draft ===
  Packet 0, BOS, 24 bytes
  Packet 0, BOS, 24 bytes
   8  0x00  Header Packet ID
   8  0x00  Header Packet ID
Line 48: Line 49:
  24  "YUV"      Codec identifier, pads data to 32-bits
  24  "YUV"      Codec identifier, pads data to 32-bits
  ..  [data]    variable length packed [a]rgb frame
  ..  [data]    variable length packed [a]rgb frame
 +
 +
=== John's Draft ===
 +
Packet 0, BOS, 24 bytes
 +
  8  0x00  Header Packet ID
 +
24  "UVS"  Codec identifier (uncompressed video stream)
 +
  8  0x01  Version Major (breaks backwards compatability to increment)
 +
  8  0x00  Version Minor (backwards compatable, ie, via extended header)
 +
---- Video description ----
 +
16  [uint] Display Width
 +
16  [uint] Display Height
 +
16  [uint] Frame Aspect Ratio Numerator
 +
16  [uint] Frame Aspect Ratio Denomonator
 +
16  [uint] Field Rate Numerator
 +
16  [uint] Field Rate Denomonator
 +
  8  [uint] Fields Per Frame
 +
  8  [enum] Colorspace
 +
32  [uint] FourCC (optional, set to zero if N/A or unknown)
 +
---- Sampling description ----
 +
16  [uint] Stored Width
 +
16  [uint] Stored Height
 +
  2  [uint] U Channel Horiz. (X) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 +
  2  [uint] U Channel Vert. (Y) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 +
  2  [uint] U Channel Horiz. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 +
  2  [uint] U Channel Vert. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 +
  2  [uint] V Channel Horiz. (X) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 +
  2  [uint] V Channel Vert. (Y) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 +
  2  [uint] V Channel Horiz. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 +
  2  [uint] V Channel Vert. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 +
16  [uint] Pad
 +
---- Storage description ----
 +
  8  [uint] A Channel Bits Per Sample
 +
  8  [uint] Y/R Channel Bits Per Sample
 +
  8  [uint] U/G Channel Bits Per Sample
 +
  8  [uint] V/B Channel Bits Per Sample
 +
32  [uint] A Channel Data Offset (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] A Channel X Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] A Channel Y Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [uint] Y/R Channel Data Offset (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] Y/R Channel X Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] Y/R Channel Y Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [uint] U/G Channel Data Offset (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] U/G Channel X Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] U/G Channel Y Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [uint] V/B Channel Data Offset (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] V/B Channel X Stride (in bits)
 +
32  [ int] V/B Channel Y Stride (in bits)
 +
 +
Data Packet
 +
  8  0xFF      Data Packet ID
 +
24  "UVS"      Codec identifier, pads data to 32-bits
 +
..  [data]    variable length packed field

Revision as of 22:17, 9 November 2005

Contents

What is it

OggYUV is an uncompressed YUV (YCbCr) video codec for Ogg. It's a simple way to store and transfer uncompressed video within an Ogg container.


Why is it

The purpose of OggYUV is as a raw video interchange format within OggStream and other media frameworks. The format design is to be simple, complete, and efficient enough to be reasonably used to export decoded video to a media player for display.

It can also replace our dependence on yuv4mpeg2 for lossless video storage, which Ogg Theora originally used as an encoding source. The main advantage over yuv4mpeg2 files is that, within an Ogg container, it can be time-synced with OggPCM in a much more reliable way than yuv4mpeg2 + wav audio.


Format

Packets are processed as per the value of their first byte. Packets of unknown ID should be silently ignored, providing a convient way to add future expandability which does not break the data format. Additional data in packet 0 (the header packet) must also be silently ignored.

Arc's Draft

Packet 0, BOS, 24 bytes
 8  0x00   Header Packet ID
24  "YUV"  Codec identifier 
--
 8  0x01   Version Major (breaks backwards compatability to increment)
 8  0x00   Version Minor (backwards compatable, ie, via extended header)
 1  [flg]  Interlaced
 1  [flg]  Packed (False = Planar)
 2  [int]  Number of Chroma/Luna (1, 2, 4, or 8)
 1  [flg]  Horizontal Staggered Chroma
 1  [flg]  Verticle Staggered Chroma
 1  [flg]  Staggered Chroma
 1  [flg]  Horizontal Stagger
 8  [nil]  Padding to bring to 32-bit border
 --
 8  [int]  Alpha channel bpp
 8  [int]  Luma channel bpp
 8  [int]  Chroma channels bpp
 8  [int]  Colorspace (same as in theora)
--
24  [int]  Frame Width
24  [int]  Frame Height
24  [int]  Aspect Numerator
24  [int]  Aspect Denominator
--
32  [int]  Framerate Numerator
32  [int]  Framerate Denominator


Data Packet
 8  0xFF       Data Packet ID
24  "YUV"      Codec identifier, pads data to 32-bits
..  [data]     variable length packed [a]rgb frame

John's Draft

Packet 0, BOS, 24 bytes
 8  0x00   Header Packet ID
24  "UVS"  Codec identifier (uncompressed video stream)
 8  0x01   Version Major (breaks backwards compatability to increment)
 8  0x00   Version Minor (backwards compatable, ie, via extended header)
---- Video description ----
16  [uint] Display Width
16  [uint] Display Height
16  [uint] Frame Aspect Ratio Numerator
16  [uint] Frame Aspect Ratio Denomonator
16  [uint] Field Rate Numerator
16  [uint] Field Rate Denomonator
 8  [uint] Fields Per Frame
 8  [enum] Colorspace
32  [uint] FourCC (optional, set to zero if N/A or unknown)
---- Sampling description ----
16  [uint] Stored Width
16  [uint] Stored Height
 2  [uint] U Channel Horiz. (X) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 2  [uint] U Channel Vert. (Y) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 2  [uint] U Channel Horiz. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 2  [uint] U Channel Vert. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 2  [uint] V Channel Horiz. (X) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 2  [uint] V Channel Vert. (Y) Samples/Macropixel, 0 = 4.
 2  [uint] V Channel Horiz. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
 2  [uint] V Channel Vert. Sample Offset (Fraction of pixel stride)
16  [uint] Pad
---- Storage description ----
 8  [uint] A Channel Bits Per Sample
 8  [uint] Y/R Channel Bits Per Sample
 8  [uint] U/G Channel Bits Per Sample
 8  [uint] V/B Channel Bits Per Sample
32  [uint] A Channel Data Offset (in bits)
32  [ int] A Channel X Stride (in bits)
32  [ int] A Channel Y Stride (in bits)
32  [uint] Y/R Channel Data Offset (in bits)
32  [ int] Y/R Channel X Stride (in bits)
32  [ int] Y/R Channel Y Stride (in bits)
32  [uint] U/G Channel Data Offset (in bits)
32  [ int] U/G Channel X Stride (in bits)
32  [ int] U/G Channel Y Stride (in bits)
32  [uint] V/B Channel Data Offset (in bits)
32  [ int] V/B Channel X Stride (in bits)
32  [ int] V/B Channel Y Stride (in bits)
Data Packet
 8  0xFF       Data Packet ID
24  "UVS"      Codec identifier, pads data to 32-bits
..  [data]     variable length packed field
Retrieved from "http://wiki.xiph.org/OggYUV"
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